Soong, T., Dargush, G.F. (1997). “Passive Energy Dissipation Systems in Structural Engineering”. John Willey & Sons Ltd., New York, USA.
 Kelly, J.M., Skinner, R.I. and Heine, A.J. (September 1972). “Mechanisms of Energy Absorption in Special Devices for use in Earthquake Resistant Structures”. Bulletin of N.Z. Society for Earthquake Engineering, Vol.5, NO.3.
 Whittaker, A., Bertero, V., Alonso, J., Thompson C. (January 1989). “Earthquake Simulator Testing of Steel Plate Added Damping and Stiffness Elements”. Report No. UCB/EERC – 89/02, Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley.
 Hanson, R.D., Aiken, I.D., Nims, D.K., Richter, P.J., and Bachman, R.E. (1993). “State of the Art and Practice in Seismic Energy Dissipation”. Proceeding of ATC 17-1 Seminar on Seismic Isolation, Passive Energy Dissipation and Active Control, Applied Technology Council, 68-79, San Francisco, California.
 Stiemer, S.F., Godden, W.G., Kelly, J.M. (July 1981). “Experimental Behavior of Spatial Piping System With Steel Energy Absorbers Subjected to a Simulated Differential Seismic Input”. Report NO. UCB/EERC – 81/09, Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
 Xia, C. and Hanson, R.D. (July 1992). “Influence of ADAS Element Parameters on Building Seismic Response” J, Structural Engineering, Vol. 118, NO.7.
 Tsai, K.C., Chen, H.W., Hong, C.P. Su, Y.F. (1993). “Design of Steel Triangular Plate Energy Absorbers for Seismic Resistant Construction, Earthquake Spectra”. 505-528, California, USA.
 SAP2000. Non-linear.Version 14. Computer Software. Computers and Structures, Inc. Berkley, CA.
 ABAQUS, Inc. (2004), ABAQUS Analysis
User’s Manual, Version 6.8.1, Pawtucket, Rhode Island.