Durability of Self-Compacting Lightweight Aggregate Concretes (LWSCC) as Repair Overlays

Document Type: Regular Paper


1 Department of civil Engineering, Fouman and Shaft Branch, Islamic Azad University, Fouman- Iran

2 - Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Guilan University

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Guilan University

4 M.Sc. of Structural Engineering, Islamic Azad University South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran


For rehabilitation of damaged concrete structures, the durability of repair overlay is a very important issue. Self-compacting concretes (SCC) are known as a suitable repair overlay materials. In this study, the durability of different self-compacting lightweight aggregate concretes (LWSCC) and effect of lightweight aggregate type on them is investigated. 3 mix designs of LWSCC containing three different types of lightweight aggregates and a conventional self-compacting concrete were considered. The Rapid chloride permeability tests (RCPT), Rapid chloride migration tests (RCMT) and Accelerated corrosion tests (ACT) were performed and the Chloride migration coefficients were obtained. The corrosion resistance of the mix designs was investigated and compared. The resistance against chloride penetration were acceptable for all mix designs, but concrete with Leca and Pumice had the best and the worst performance respectively. As a result of using lightweight aggregates, using Scoria aggregate may cause better protection to steel reinforcement against corrosion than Leca and Pumice aggregate.


Main Subjects

[1]     Boukendakdji, O., Kenai, S., Kadri, E.H.Rouis, F. (2009),"Effect of slag on the rheology of fresh self-compacted concrete", Constr. Build. Mater. ,23, pp. 2593–2598.

[2]     Sukumar, B., Nagamani, K.Srinivasa, R.R. (2008),"Evaluation of strength atearly ages of self-compacting concrete with high volume fly ash", Constr. Build. Mater.,22, pp. 1394–1401.

[3]     Siddique, R. (2011),"Properties of self-compacting concrete containing class F fly ash", Mater. Des.,32, pp. 1501–1507.

[4]     Momayez, A., Ehsani, M.R., Ramezanianpour, A.A.Rajaie, H. (2005),"Comparison of methods for evaluating bond strength between concrete substrate and repair materials", Cement and Concrete Research 35 pp. 748–757.

[5]     Brien, J.V..Mahboub, K.C. (2007),"Influence of polymer type on adhesion performance of a blended cement mortar", International Journal of Adhesion & Adhesives, pp. 7-13.

[6]     Courard, L., Piotrowski, T.Garbacz, A. (2014),"Near-to-surface properties affecting bond strength in concrete repair", Cement & Concrete Composites pp. 73–80.

[7]     Espeche, A.D.León, J. (2011),"Estimation of bond strength envelopes for old-to-new concrete interfaces based on a cylinder splitting test", Construction and Building Materials pp. 1222–1235.

[8]     Julio, E.N.B.S., Branco, F.A.B.Silva, V.D. (2004),"Concrete-to-concrete bond strength. Influence of the roughness of the substrate surface", Construction and building materials,18, pp. 675-681.

[9]     Julio, E.N.B.S., Branco, F.A.B., Silva, V.D.Lourenco, J.F. (2006),"Influence of added concrete compressive strength on adhesion to an existing concrete substrate", Building and Environment, pp. 1934–1939.

[10]    Mohammadi, M., Moghtadaei, R.M.Saman, N.A. (2014),"Influence of silica fume and metakaolin with two different types of interfacial adhesives on the bond strength of repaired concrete", Construction and Building Materials pp. 141-150.

[11]    Talbot, C., Pigeon, M., Beaupre, D.Morgan, D. (1994),"Influence of surface preparation on long-term bonding of shotcrete", ACI Mater J, pp. 560-6.

[12]    Saldanha, R., Jlio, E., Dias-da-Costa, D.Santos, P. (2013),"A modified slant shear test designed to enforce adhesive failure", Construction and Building Materials pp. 673–680.

[13]    Ries, J.P., Crocker, D.A.Sheetz, S.R. (2003),"Guide for structural lightweight-aggregate concrete", ACI committee, pp. 1–38.

[14]    Hossain, K.M.A.Lachemi, M. (2007),"Mixture design, strength, durability, and fire resistance of lightweight pumice concrete", ACI Mater. J. ,104, pp. 449–457.

[15]    Dias, W.P.S., Khoury, G.A.Sullivan, P.J.E. (1990),"Shrinkage of hardened cement paste at temperatures up to 670 C (1238 F)", ACI Mater. J. ,82(2), pp. 160–166.

[16]    Shi, C.Wu, Y. (2005),"Mixture proportioning and properties of self-consolidating lightweight concrete containing glass powder", ACI Mater. J. ,102 pp. 355– 363.

[17]    Hubertova, M.Hela, R. (2007),"The effect of metakaolin and silica fume on the properties of lightweight self-consolidating concrete", ACI Spec. Publ.,243 pp. 35–48.

[18]    Kaffetzakis, M.Papanicolaou, C. (2012),"Mix Proportioning method for lightweight aggregate SCC (LWASCC) based on the optimum packing point concept", Innovative Mater. Tech. Concr. Constr. , pp. 131–151.

[19]    Kim, Y.J., Choi, Y.W.Lachemi, M. (2010),"Characteristics of self-consolidating concrete using two types of lightweight coarse aggregates", Constr. Build. Mater.,24 (1), pp. 11–16.

[20]    Gao, X.F., Lo, Y.T.Tam, C.M. (2002),"Investigation of micro-cracks and microstructure of high performance lightweight aggregate concrete", Build. Environ. ,37, pp. 485–489.

[21]    Wua, Z., Zhang, Y., Zheng, J.Y. Ding. (2009)," An experimental study on the workabilityof self-compacting lightweight concrete", Constr. Build. Mater.,23 pp. 2087–2092.

[22]    Kurt, M., Aydin, A.C., Gül, M.S., Gül, R.Kotan, T. (2015),"The effect of fly ash to selfcompactibility of pumice aggregate lightweight concrete", SADHANA Acad. Proc. Eng. Sci. ,40(4), pp. 1343–1359.

[23]    Hossain, K.M.A. (2015),"Lightweight SCC with volcanic and other natural materials", ICE– Constr. Mater. J.,168 pp. 35–44.

[24]    Koehler, E.P.Fowler, D.W. (2015),"ICAR Project 108: aggregates in self-consolidating concrete", Aggregates Foundation for Technology, Research, and Education(AFTRE), pp.

[25]    Andiç-Çakır, Ö.Hızal, S. (2012),"Influence of elevated temperatures on the mechanical properties and microstructure of self consolidating lightweight aggregate concrete", Construction and Building Materials,34, pp. 575–583.

[26]    ASTM, C33 / C33M-16 : Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates. 2016, ASTM International.

[27]    ASTM. (2006),"C 1202, Standard test method for electrical indication of concrete’s ability to resist chloride ion penetration", Philadelphia, PA: Annual Book of ASTM Standards,04.02, pp.

[28]    Bagheri, A.R., Zanganeh, H.Moalemi, M.M. (2012),"Mechanical and durability properties of ternary concretes containing silica fume and low reactivity blast furnace slag", Cement and Concrete Composites,34(5), pp. 663-670.

[29]    Stanish, K., Hooton, R.D.Thomas, M., (1997), Testing the chloride penetration resistance of concrete: a literature review. FHWA Contract DTFH61-97-R- 00022 ‘‘Prediction of Chloride Penetration in Concrete’’. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, Canada,

[30]    AASHTO. (2012),"T277–07. Standard method of test for rapid determination of the chloride permeability of concrete", pp.

[31]    NordTestBuild. (1995),"443. Concrete, hardened: accelerated chloride penetration", Nordtest method, pp.

[32]    Luping, T.Nilsson, L.-O. (1993),"Rapid determination of the chloride diffusivity in concrete by applying an electric field", Materials Journal,89(1), pp. 49-53.

[33]    Spiesz, P., Ballari, M.M.Brouwers, H.J.H. (2012),"RCM: A new model accounting for the non-linear chloride binding isotherm and the non-equilibrium conditions between the free- and bound-chloride concentrations", Construction and Building Materials,27(1), pp. 293-304.

[34]    Fan, Y., Zhang, S., Kawashima, S.Shah, S.P. (2014),"Influence of kaolinite clay on the chloride diffusion property of cement-based materials", Cement and Concrete Composites,45, pp. 117-124.

[35]    Teng, S., Lim, T.Y.D.Sabet Divsholi, B. (2013),"Durability and mechanical properties of high strength concrete incorporating ultra fine Ground Granulated Blast-furnace Slag", Construction and Building Materials,40, pp. 875-881.

[36]    NordTestBuild. (1999),"492", Concrete, mortar and cement-based repair materials: chloride migration coefficient from non-steady-state migration experiments, pp.

[37]    Güneyisi, E., Özturan, T.Gesoğlu, M. (2005),"A study on reinforcement corrosion and related properties of plain and blended cement concretes under different curing conditions", Cement and Concrete Composites,27(4), pp. 449-461.

[38]    Al-Tayyib, A.-H.Al-Zahrani, M.M. (1990),"Corrosion of steel reinforcement in polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete structures", ACI Materials Journal,87(Title No. 87-M12), pp.

[39]    Detwiler, R.J., Kjellsen, K.O.Gjorv, O.E. (1991),"Resistance to chloride intrusion of concrete cured at different temperatures", Materials Journal,88(1), pp. 19-24.

[40]    Shaker, F.A., El-Dieb, A.S.Reda, M.M. (1997),"Durability of Styrene-Butadiene latex modified concrete", Cement and Concrete Research,27(5), pp. 711-720.

[41]    Okba, S.H., El-Dieb, A.S.Reda, M.M. (1997),"Evaluation of the corrosion resistance of latex modified concrete (LMC)", Cement and Concrete Research,27(6), pp. 861-868.

[42]    Al-Zahrani, M.M., Al-Dulaijan, S.U., Ibrahim, M., Saricimen, H.Sharif, F.M. (2002),"Effect of waterproofing coatings on steel reinforcement corrosion and physical properties of concrete", Cement and Concrete Composites,24(1), pp. 127-137.

[43]    Zych, T. (2015),"Test methods of concrete resistance to chloride ingress", Czasopismo Techniczne, pp.

[44]    Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka, D. (2009),"Effect of fluidized bed combustion fly ash on the chloride resistance and scaling resistance of concrete", Concrete in Aggressive Aqueous Environments, Performance, Testing and Modeling, pp. 2-5.