Numerical Investigation of Geometric Parameters Effect of the Labyrinth Weir on the Discharge Coefficient

Document Type: Research Note

Authors

Water Engineering Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Weirs, as overflow structures, are extensively applied for the measurement of flow, its diversion, and control in the open canals. Labyrinth weir as a result of more effective length than conventional weirs allows passing more discharge in narrow canals. Determination of the design criteria for the practical application of these weirs needs more examination. Weir angle and its position relative to the flow direction are the most effective parameters on the discharge coefficient. In this article, Fluent software was applied as a virtual laboratory, and extensive experiments were carried out to survey the effect of geometry on the labyrinth weir discharge coefficient. The variables were the height of weir, the angle of the weir, and the discharge. The discharge coefficients acquired from these experiments were then compared with the corresponding values obtained from the usual rectangular sharp-crested weir experiments. Comparison of the results indicated that in all cases with different vertex angle, flow discharge coefficients are in a satisfactory range for relative effective head less than 0.3. The discharge coefficient is reduced for relative effective head more than 0.3 due to the collision of water napes. It revealed that the higher the weir, the more discharge capacity. As a result, the labyrinth weirs have a better performance in comparison with the common sharp-crested.

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Main Subjects


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