Influence of Nano-Silica and Silica Fume in the Steel Corrosion Embedded in Concrete

Document Type : Regular Paper


Department of Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran


Corrosion of steel is one of the essential potential dangers and threats in concrete structures. Corrosion of steel embedded in reinforced concrete plays a key role in reducing the strength and durability of reinforced concrete. Several studies have proposed that alternative approaches to enhancing the performance of reinforced concrete and its resistance to corrosion. In this article, the results of steel corrosion embedded in reinforced concrete with silica fume and Nano-silica particles are presented. In the testing phase, samples with a mixture of these particles ranging from 0 to 133 grams were generated, and their performance was compared applying Corrosion Potential (OCP), Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS), Linear Polarization (LPR), and TOEFL polarization tests. The results demonstrate that silica fume is effective in reducing the permeability of the concrete against malicious (adverse) ions, but nano-silica had far satisfying performance in reducing the corrosion rate of steel embedded in concrete.


Main Subjects

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Volume 6, Issue 1 - Serial Number 11
February 2018
Pages 49-57
  • Receive Date: 09 March 2016
  • Revise Date: 09 July 2017
  • Accept Date: 05 September 2017
  • First Publish Date: 01 February 2018