Seismic Retrofitting the Steel Storage Tanks using Single Concave Friction Isolators under the Long Period Earthquakes

Document Type: Regular Paper

Authors

1 M.Sc. of Earthquake Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Seismic Geotechnical and High Performance Concrete Research Centre, Civil Engineering Department, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran

Abstract

Cylindrical liquid storage tanks are contemplated as vital structures in industrial complex whose nonlinear dynamic behavior is of crucial importance. Some of these structures around the world have demonstrated poor seismic behavior over the last few decades; consonantly a major improvement is required to reach their level of applicability. There are several methods and techniques for rehabilitation and reducing damages in these structures which among them the devices for passive control, particularly base isolators, are perceptible. Friction Pendulum System (FPS) is the most popular base isolation system which its period does not depend on the structural weight. In this research work, the efficiency of FPS is examined on decreasing the seismic responses of base isolated steel storage tanks as well as the impact effect of slider to the side restrainer. To this end, the whole mass of liquid storage tank is contemplated as three lumped masses known as convective mass, impulsive mass which is connected to tanks with corresponding spring, and rigid mass which is connected rigidly. By means of state space method the time history analysis is done applying 60 earthquake records to acquire dynamic responses under the various hazard levels i.e. SLE, DBE and MCE ground motions. The results show that the normalized base shear force in squat tank decreased 59%, 62% and 33% respectively under SLE, DBE and MCE ground motions. The reduction of normalized base shear force in slender tank is 53%, 49% and 35% under the aforementioned hazard levels. Examining the effect of side restrainer’s stiffness on the maximum responses exhibit that the impact effect must be considered particularly when the system is excited by MCE’s ground motions.

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