Document Type: Regular Paper
, Department of Civil Engineering, Pooyesh Institute of Higher Education
Assistant Professor Department of Civil-Environmental Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran
Assistant Professor in Department of Civil Engineering, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran
Warm mix asphalts (WMA), because of their low production and compact temperatures, may have different behaviors in long term. In the present work, the energy-based criteria along with the 50% reduction in initial stiffness (Nf50%) using four-point bending test under controlled-strain conditions of 1000 microstrain were applied to compare the prepared two warm mix and HMA samples. All these criteria illustrate properly the effect of mix asphalt properties (additive type) on its fatigue performance. A noteworthy point in this regard is the difference between Nf50% values of the studied samples with the real failure point. For HMA and zycotherm WMA (ZWMA), loading cyclic number at the failure moment occurs almost 80% higher than the fatigue life estimated using Nf50% while for Sasobit WMA (SWMA) this value is declined to 28%. The RDEC method, compared to other methods, indicated the maximum fatigue life and consistency with the failure point.
Comparing the energy-based methods with Nf50% method revealed that ERR, ERR&B, and ERP have the maximum consistency with fatigue life in terms of 50% reduction in initial stiffness. For SWMA, the fatigue life at Nf50% was larger than that of various energy-based methods but almost equal to that of the RDEC method. However, for two WMA mixes prepared using ZWMA and HMA, all energy methods revealed a fatigue life longer than that of Nf50%.