Seismic Evaluation of Flexible-Base Low-Rise Steel Frames Using Beam-On-Nonlinear-Winkler-Foundation Modeling of Shallow Footings

Document Type : Regular Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Australia


Recent studies have revealed that the influences of Soil-Structure Interaction (SSI) can be detrimental to the seismic behavior of structure, and hence ignoring this phenomenon in analysis and design may result in to an un-conservative design. The aim of this paper is to quantify the effects of nonlinear SSI on the seismic response of a low-rise special moment frame subjected to a family of ground motions with three hazard levels. To this end, seismic behavior of a 5-story special steel frame founded on linear and nonlinear flexible-base foundations are compared to the conventional fixed-base frame counterpart. The well-known Beam-on-Nonlinear-Winkler-Foundation (BNWF) approach is employed to model nonlinear soil-shallow foundation. Nonlinear static and time history dynamic analyses were conducted applying the OPENSEES platform in order to inquire the effect of modeling and ground motion parameters on their seismic performance. The results manifested some degrees of inaccuracy in the fixed-base and linear SSI assumptions when compared to its nonlinear flexible-base counterpart. Moreover, it is also found that disregarding the foundation flexibility effect may lead to over prediction of the inter-story drift, force and ductility demands of the low-rise steel structure.


Main Subjects

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