Calibration of bar-Concrete Bond Stress Relationships for Bond Stress Prediction of GFRP Soil Nails Using Experimental Pullout Tests

Document Type: Regular Paper


1 Ph.D candidate, civil engineering department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Civil Engineering Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad


Even though steel bar is a conventional reinforcement in soil stabilization systems, the problem of corrosion of steel may lead to vast damages especially in aggressive environments. In the past decades, Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) materials have offered an effective solution to overcome the corrosion problem. Despite numerous bond stress-displacement models for reinforcements in concrete, there is a lack of models for FRP nails in grout. In this paper, the usability of four bond stress models (Malvar, EPB, CMR and Soroushian) of reinforcements in concrete was evaluated to predict the bond stress of FRP nails in grout. For this purpose, the results of several experimental pullout tests were used to calibrate the reinforcement-concrete bond stress models and the constant parameters were obtained. To evaluate the accuracy of the calibrated models, four statistical criteria of R2, SSE, RMSE and MAPE have been also determined for each model. Results showed that Malvar model with R2 of 0.94 and MAPE of %21 was deemed suitable for the prediction of bond stress of GFRP nails while CMR model is not recommended.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 19 April 2019
  • Receive Date: 01 June 2018
  • Revise Date: 28 March 2019
  • Accept Date: 19 April 2019