Study and Comparison of Seismic Behaviour of Isolator-Damper Hybrid Control System with Conventional Structural Systems

Document Type: Regular Paper

Authors

1 Graduated Master in Structural Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Structural Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran

Abstract

In this paper, in addition to introduce a hybrid structural system contained local isolators and dampers, its behavior and functional capabilities were studied on a conventional structure. For this purpose, an RC frame building with six-story was designed based on valid codes and then, in four cases based on the number of spans, it was split into two separate adjacent frames. Base isolation was done underneath the columns of one frame, while the bottom connections of the other frame’s columns were remained fixed and viscous dampers provided the connection of two adjacent frames on the same floors. Nonlinear time history analysis (NTHA) under three near-fault and three far-fault earthquakes and frequency-domain analysis are performed. Displacement, drift, acceleration and shear forces of the stories in the four proposed hybrid cases with two limited cases, full base-isolated and full base-fixed frames, as well as nonlinear hysteresis behavior of a damper and an isolator are assessed. The results showed that using the novel hybrid control method in most cases can mitigate deteriorating effects of all types of seismic motions observed in the conventional structural systems. However, among them, two cases (2 isolated columns -5 fixed columns and 3 isolated columns -4 fixed columns) had the best significant influence on seismic performance and structural response reduction. Furthermore, frequency response functions of displacement and acceleration with respect to ground acceleration demonstrated that the two proposed cases further suppress the responses of the limited cases, over a wide range of frequencies including all natural frequencies. Due to decrease about 50-70% in the number of base isolators (compared to full isolation) lead to considerable construction cost savings. In spite of the limitation of ASCE7-10 code on separately using base isolators and dampers on structure, applying the proposed combination technique of these two dissipating devices can overcome the limitation.

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Main Subjects


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