Richter, C. F. (1958). Elementary seismology, W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.
 Aki, K., Richards, P. G. (1980). Quantitative seismology, First Ed., W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.
 Aki, K., Richards, P. G. (2002). Quantitative seismology, Second Ed., University Science Books, Sausalito.
 Nigbor, R. L. (1994). Six-degree-of-freedom ground motion measurement, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 84(5): 1665–1669.
 Takeo, M. (1998). Ground rotational motions recorded in near-source region of earthquakes, Geophysical Research Letters, 25(6): 789–792.
 Lee, W. H. K., Shin, T.C., Kuo, K.W., Chen, K.C., Wu, C.F. (2001). CWB free-field strong-motion data from the 21 September Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 91(5): 1370–1376.
 Huang, B. S. (2003). Ground rotational motions of the 1991 Chi-Chi, Taiwan earthquake as inferred from dense array observations, Geophysical Research Letters, 30(6): 1307–1310.
 Liu, C.C., Huang, B.S., Lee, W.H.K., Lin, C.J. (2009). Observing rotational and translational ground motionsat the HGSD station in Taiwan from 2007 to 2008, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 99(2B): 1228-1236.
 Falamarz-Sheikhabadi, M.R. (2014) Simplified relations for the application of rotational components to seismic design codes, Engineering Structures, 59: 141-152.
 Basu, D., Whittaker, A.S., Constantinou, C. (2015) Characterizing rotational components of earthquake ground motion using a surface distribution method and response of sample structures, Engineering Structures, 99: 685-707.
 Singla, V.K., Gupta, V.K. (2016). On planar seismic wavefront modeling for estimating rotational ground motions: Case of 2-D SH line-source, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 85: 62-77.
 Falamarz-Sheikhabadi, M.R., Ghafory-Ashtiany, M. (2015). Rotational components in structural loading, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 75: 220-233.
 Rodda, G. K., & Basu, D. (2019). On Conditional Simulation of Spatially Varying Rotational Ground Motion. Journal of Earthquake Engineering, 1-36.
 Vicencio, F., & Alexander, N. A. (2019). A parametric study on the effect of rotational ground motions on building structural responses. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 118, 191-206.
 Tajammolian, H., Khoshnoudian, F., & Loghman, V. (2017). Rotational components of near-fault earthquakes effects on triple concave friction pendulum base-isolated asymmetric structures. Engineering Structures, 142, 110-127.
 Nazarov, Y. P., Poznyak, E., & Filimonov, A. V. (2015). A brief theory and computing of seismic ground rotations for structural analyses. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 71, 31-41.
 Iranian Code of Practice for Seismic Resistant Design of Buildings. 2015. Standard NO. 2800-15, Building and Housing Research Center,4rd edition.
 National building regulations, part 9: Design and construction of RC buildings. (2013) Ministry of Housing and Urban Development, Office of National Building Regulations, Tehran, Iran.
 CSI Reference Manual for ETABS2000; Computers and Structures, Inc.: Berkeley, CA, USA, 2015.
 Mortezaei, A., Ronagh, H.R., Kheyroddin, A., GhodratiAmiri, G. (2011). Effectiveness of modified pushover analysis procedure for the estimation of seismic demands of buildings subjected to near-fault earthquakes having forward directivity. The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 20(6): 679-699.
 Altoontash, A. (2004). Simulation and damage models for performance assessment of reinforced concrete beam-column joints, Ph.D. Thesis, Stanford University.
 Ibarra, L.F., Medina, R.A., Krwinkler, H. (2005). Hysteretic models that incorporate strength and stiffness deterioration, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 34: 1489–1511
 Haselton, C.B., Liel, A.B., Lange, S.T., Deierlein, G.G. (2007). Beam-column element model calibrated for predicting flexural response leading to global collapse of RC frame buildings, PEER 2007/03 Report, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center.
 Wolf JP, Deeks AJ. Foundation vibration analysis: a strength of materials approach. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2004.
 ATC. Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings, ATC- 40 Report, Volumes 1 and 2, Applied Technology Council, Redwood City, California, 1996.
 Park, Y.J., Ang, A.H.S. (1985). Mechanistic seismic damage model for reinforced concrete, Journal of Structural Division, ASCE 111(4): 722–739.
 Kheyroddin, A. Mortezaei, A. (2008). The effect of element size and plastic hinge characteristics on nonlinear analysis of RC frames. Iranian Journal of Science & Technology, Transaction B, Engineering, 32(B5): 451-470.
 Kunnath S.K., Reinhorn, A.M., Lobo, R.F. (1992). IDARC Version 3.0: A program for the inelastic damage analysis of reinforced concrete structures. Report No. NCEER-92-0022, National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, State University of New York at Buffalo.
 Soleymani, A., Safi, M. (2014). Estimation of interdependencies between seismic parameters and damage indices including the MFDR model and the modified Park-Ang model, Journal of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering (JSEE), 16(1): 71-79.
 Hassani, N., Bararnia, M., & Amiri, G. G. (2018). Effect of soil-structure interaction on inelastic displacement ratios of degrading structures. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 104, 75-87.
 Nakhaei, M., & Ghannad, M. A. (2008). The effect of soil–structure interaction on damage index of buildings. Engineering Structures, 30(6), 1491-1499.