Investigating of the Effect of Concrete Confinement on the Axial Performance of Circular Concrete Filled Double-Skin Steel Tubular (CFDST) Long Columns

Document Type: Regular Paper


1 Department of civil engineering- eyvanekey university, semnan, iran

2 Masters, Structural Engineer, Civil Engineering department, University of Eyvanekey, Semnan, Iran

3 Masters, Structural Engineer Civil Engineering department, University of Eyvanekey, Semnan, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Eyvanekey, Semnan, Iran



In this study, the co-operation of steel and concrete in composite columns is considered. Using numerical modeling to study the behavior of these sections, a new type of sections, namely Concrete Filled Double-Skin steel Tubular (CFDST) columns, is introduced. The parameters and techniques that influence the numerical simulation that bring this modeling closer to the laboratory conditions are determined by varying the dimensions and geometry as well as the properties of materials such as the compressive strength of concrete and width to thickness ratio on the strength of circular section columns at internal and external skins are investigated by the ABAQUS finite element software. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of concrete compressive strength on the axial performance of CFDST columns. In this paper, the effects of concrete with different compressive strength, concrete confinement, bearing capacity and width-to-thickness ratio on the overall strength of tubular cross-section columns in their inner and outer skins are investigated. The results of the study indicated that the bearing capacity of CFDST columns under axial pressure increases by increasing the concrete compressive strength in the inner skin and decreases by increasing width to thickness ratio (D/t).Also, studies have shown that with increasing cross-sectional area, the bearing capacity in circular columns decreases by about 3%.


Main Subjects

[1] Zhao, X.L., Han, L.H. (2006). “Double skin composite construction.” Progress in Structural Engineering and Materials, Vol. 8, NO. 3, pp. 93-102.

[2] Ho, J.C.M. and Dong, C.X. (2014). “Improving strength, stiffness and ductility of CFDST columns by external confinement.” Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 75, pp.18–290.

[3] Subramoni, P.T., Saratha, J.P. (2018). “Behaviour of Beam-Column Subjected to Reversed Lateral Loading, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering.” Vol. 22, NO. 7, pp. 2464–2468.

[4] Zhao, XL., Grzebieta, R. (2002). “Strength and ductility of concrete filled double skin (SHS innerand SHS outer) tubes.” Thin-Walled Struct, 40:199–213.

[5] Elchalakani, M., Zhao, XL., Grzebieta., R. (2002). “Tests on concrete filled double-skin (CHS outerand SHS inner) composite short columns under axial compression.” Thin-WalledStruct,Vol. 40(5), pp. 415–41.

[6] Tao, Z., Han, L.H., Zhao, X.L. (2004). “Behavior of concrete-filled double skin (CHS inner and CHS outer) steel tubular stub columns and beam-columns.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 60, NO. 8, pp. 1129-1158.

[7] Han, L.H., Li, Y.J. Liao, F.Y. (2011). “Concrete-filled double skin steel tubular (CFDST) columns subjected to long-term sustained loading, Thin Walled Structures.” Vol. 49, NO. 12, pp. 1534-1543.

[8] Essopjee, Y. and Dundu, M. (2015). “Performance of concrete-filled double-skin circular tubes in compression.” Composite Structures, Vol. 133, pp. 1276–83.

[9] Romero, M.L., Espinos, A., Portolés, J.M., Hospitaler, A. Ibañez, C. (2015). “Slender double-tube ultra-high strength concrete-filled tubular columns under ambient temperature and fir.” Engineering Structures, Vol. 99, pp.536–45.

[10] Ibañez, C., Romero, M.L., Espinos, A., Portolés, J.M. Albero, V. (2017). “Ultra-high strength concrete on eccentrically loaded slender circular concrete-filled dual steel columns.” Structures, Vol. 12, pp. 64-74.

[11] Wan, C.G., Zha, X.X., Dassekpo, J.B.M. (2017). “Analysis of axially loaded concrete filled circular hollow double steel tubular columns exposed to fire.” Fire Safety Journal, Vol. 88, pp. 1–12.

[12] Ekmekyapar, T., Ghanim Hasan, H. (2019). “The influence of the inner steel tube on the compression behaviour of the concrete filled double skin steel tube (CFDST) columns.” Marine Structures, Vol. 66, pp. 197–212.

[13] Lia, W., Cai, Y-X. (2019). “Performance of CFDST stub columns using high-strength steel subjected to axial compression.” Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 141, pp. 411–422.

[14] Vernardos S., Gantes Charis. (2019). “Experimental behavior of concrete-filled double-skin steel tubular (CFDST) stub members under axial compression: A comparative review.” Structures, Vol. 22, pp. 383–404.

[15] Elchalakani, M., Patel, V.I., Karrech A., Hassanein M.F., Fawzia S., Yang., B. (2019). “Finite element simulation of circular short CFDST columns under axial compression.” Structures, Vol. 20, pp. 607–619.

[16] Romero, M.L., Ibañez, C., Espinos, A., Portolés, J.M. and Hospitaler, A. (2017). “Influence of Ultra-High Strength Concrete on Circular Concrete-filled Dual Steel Columns.” Structures, Vol. 9, pp. 13-20.

[17] Elchalakani, M., Patel, V.I., Karrech, A., Hassanein, M.F., Fawzia, S., Yang, B. (2019). “Finite element simulation of circular short CFDST columns under axial compression.” Structures, Vol. 20, pp. 607-619.

[18] AISC: American Institute of Steel Construction. (2010). Specification for Structural Steel Buildings, ANSI/AISC 360-10.

[19] Aslani, F., Uy, B., Tao, Z., Mashiri., F. (2015). “Behaviour and design of composite columns incorporating compact high-strength steel plates.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 107, 94–110.

[20] ABAQUS Standard. User's manual the Abaqus software is a product of dassault systèmes simulia corp. Providence, RI: USA Dassault Systèmes; 2014. Version 6.14, USA.

[21] Xiong, M-X., Xiong, D-X. and Richard Liew, J.Y. (2017). “Axial performance of short concrete filled steel tubes with high and ultra-high-strength materials. Engineering Structures.” Vol. 136, pp. 494–510.

[22] Bagheri, M., Chahkandi, A. & Jahangir, H. (2019). “Seismic Reliability Analysis of RC Frames Rehabilitated by Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymers.” International Journal of Civil Engineering 17, 1785–1797.

[23] Wan, C-Y., Zha, X-X. (2016). “Nonlinear analysis and design of concrete-filled dual steel tubular columns under axial loading.” Steel and Composite Structures, Vol. 20, No. 3, 571-597.

[24] Pagoulatou, M., Sheehan, T., Dai, X.H., Lam, D. (2014). “Finite Element Analysis on the Capacity of Circular Concrete-Filled Double-Skin Steel Tubular (CFDST) Stub Columns.” Engineering Structures, Vol. 72, pp. 102-112.

[25] Naderpour, H., K. Nagai, P. Fakharian, and M. Haji. (2019). “Innovative models for prediction of compressive strength of FRP-confined circular reinforced concrete columns using soft computing methods.” Composite Structures, Vol. 215, pp. 69-84.

[26] Hassanein, M.F. and Patel, V.I. (2018). “Round-Ended Rectangular Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Short Columns: FE Investigation Under Axial Compression.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 140, pp. 222-236.

[27] Liang, Q.Q. and Fragomeni, S. (2009). “Nonlinear Analysis of Circular Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Short Columns under Axial Loading.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 65, NO. 12, pp. 2186-2196.

[28] Mander, J.B., Priestley, M.J.N. and Park, R. (1988). “Theoretical Stress-Strain Model for Confined Concrete.” Journal ofstructural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 114, NO. 8, pp. 1804-1826.

[29] American Concrete Institute, (2011). Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318−11) and Commentary.

[30] Liang, Q.Q. (2009). “Performance-Based Analysis of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Beam-Columns, Part I: Theory and Algorithms.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 65, pp. 363-372.

[31]Richart, F.E., Brandtzaeg, A. Brown, RL. (1928). “A study of the failure of concrete under combined compressive stresses, Bull 185, Champaign (III): University of Illionis.” Engineering Experimental Station; Vol. 185.

[32] Hu, H.T., Huang, C.S., Wu, M.H. and Wu, Y.M. (2003). “Nonlinear Analysis of Axially Loaded Concrete-Filled Tube Columns with Confinement Effect.” Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 129, NO. 10, pp. 1322-1329.

[33] Tang, J., Hino, S., Kuroda, I. and Ohta, T. (1996). “Modeling of stress-strain relationships for steel and concrete in concrete filled circular steel tubular columns.” Steel Construction Engineering, JSSC, Vol. 3 NO. 11, pp. 35-46.

[34] Yao, Y., Liu, M. Guo, H. (2019). “Concrete filled double skin steel tubular columns subjected to non-uniform heating.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 158, pp. 263–278.

[35] Alhalaby, M. Wanga, Y. (2017). “Second-order effects of cantilever concrete filled double skin tube (CFDST) transmission towers.” Copenhagen, Denmark, Vol. 1, pp. 4390-4399.

[36] Wang, F-C., Han, L-H. (2019). “Analytical behavior of carbon steel-concrete-stainless steel double skin tube (DST) used in submarine pipeline structure.” Marine Structures, Vol. 63, pp. 99–116.

[37] Schneider, S.P., Alostaz, Y.M. (1998). “Experimental Behavior of Connections to Concrete-filled Steel Tubes.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 45, NO. 3, pp. 321-352.

[38] Hassanein, M.F., Elchalakani, Karrech, M.A., Patel, V.I. and Yang, B. (2018). “Behaviour of Concrete-filled Double-skin Short Columns Under Compression Through Finite Element Modelling: SHS Outer and SHS Inner Tubes.” Structures, Vol. 14, pp. 358-375.

[39] Pons, D., Espinós, A., Albero, V., Romero, M.L. (2018). “Numerical study on axially loaded ultra-high strength concrete-filled dual steel columns.” Steel and Composite Structures, Vol. 26, NO. 6, pp. 705-717.

[40] Li, W., Han, L-H., Zhao, X-L. (2015). “Behavior of CFDST stub columns under preload, sustained load and chloride corrosion.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, Vol. 107, pp. 12-23.

[41] Jahangir, H., Esfahani, M.R. (2018). “Numerical Study of Bond – Slip Mechanism in Advanced Externally Bonded Strengthening Composites.” KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering 22, 4509–4518.

[42] Han, L-H., Yao, G-H., Tao, Z. (2007) “Performance of concrete-filled thin-walled steel tubes under pure torsion.” Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 45, pp. 24–36.

[43] Johanssont, M. and Gylltoft, K. (2001). Structural behavior of slender circular steel-concrete composite columns under various means of load application. Steel and Composite Structures, Vol. 1, pp. 393-410.