A New Method for Drawing the Capacity Spectrum for Seismic Analysis and Structural Rehabilitation

Document Type: Regular Paper

Authors

1 Department of Civil Engineering, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran

3 Msc.Gratuated of Structural Engineering, Department of Civil Eng., Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University,Semnan, Iran

10.22075/jrce.2020.19106.1360

Abstract

A review of previous studies shows that there are two general views on how to determine demand in structures through incremental nonlinear static analysis. In the first view, multi-modal methods are used to determine demand in structures. In this view, the applied load pattern is applied to the structure according to the shape of each vibration mode, assuming that the structure deformation follows the shape of the vibration mode, the capacity spectrum is drawn and after determining the target displacement and the corresponding demand for each vibration mode, the final demand is determined by combination of response modes. In the second view, structural analysis is performed as a single run nonlinear static analysis and the effect of different vibration modes is shown in one load pattern. In this method, the load pattern that has somehow the effect of different modes is applied to the structure and the structure is analyzed under this load pattern. In the second view, due to the non-conformity of the structure deformation and the lateral load of a particular vibration mode of the structure, the conventional capacity spectrum method cannot be used. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to propose a method for drawing the capacity spectrum and determining the target displacement in single run nonlinear static analysis for non-adaptive load patterns. After presenting the equations, three frames including 3-storey, 9-storey and 20-storey frames have been selected and the results of the proposed method have been evaluated along with modal pushover method and time history analysis for the frames. Comparison of the results of the proposed method and the modal pushover with the results of the nonlinear time history analysis shows that the proposed method is more efficient in determining the lateral displacement of the stories and roof than the conventional modal pushover method.

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Main Subjects


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