Numerical Investigation of Composite Shear Walls with Different Types of Steel and Concrete Materials as Boundary Elements

Document Type: Regular Paper


Faculty of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran



The main purpose of this study is to numerically assess the effect of boundary elements with different types of steel and concrete materials on nonlinear performance of composite steel–reinforced concrete wall (CSRCW) by employing ABAQUS software. Two types of common steel profiles including box and I-shaped sections, located at the middle and extremities of the wall, were used to assess ultimate strength of the CSRCW. In addition, effects of concrete confinement on boundary elements were investigated for fully and partially encasement degrees. Following this, steel materials with three yield stresses of 300, 400 and 500 MPa, and concrete in two grades with compressive strengths of 30 and 40 MPa were considered. The theoretical results demonstrated that numerical models can predict the fracture zones similar to experimental observations where the failure modes of CSRCWs appeared to have ductile mechanisms. Based on the numerical outputs, the presence of I-shaped steel section in the middle of CSRCW participated to effectively distribute the stress throughout the shear wall, which was found to be 6.5% higher than that conventional shear wall. Furthermore, using steel boundary elements with higher yield strengths caused the highest amount of ultimate strength for the CSRCW to be 397.1 kN.


Main Subjects

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