Improved Seismic Performance of Chevron Brace Frames Using Multi-Pipe Yield Dampers

Document Type: Regular Paper

Authors

1 Department of Civil Engineering, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, Iran

2 Department of Civil Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

10.22075/jrce.2020.19792.1383

Abstract

Spacious experimental and numerical investigation has been conducted by researchers to increase the ductility and energy dissipation of concentrically braced frames. One of the most widely used strategies for increasing ductility and energy dissiption, is the use of energy-absorbing systems. In this regard, the cyclic behavior of a chevron bracing frame system equipped with multi-pipe dampers (CBF-MPD) was investigated through finite element method. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and improve the behavior of the chevron brace frame using multi-pipe dampers. Three-dimensional models of the chevron brace frame were developed via nonlinear finite element method using ABAQUS software. Finite element models included the chevron brace frame and the chevron brace frame equipped with multi-pipe dampers. The chevron brace frame model was selected as the base model for comparing and evaluating the effects of multi-tube dampers. Finite element models were then analyzed under cyclic loading and nonlinear static methods. Validation of the results of the finite element method was performed against the test results. In parametric studies, the influence of the diameter parameter to the thickness (D/t) ratio of the pipe dampers was investigated. The results indicated that the shear capacity of the pipe damper has a significant influence on determining the bracing behavior. Also, the results show that the corresponding displacement with the maximum force in the CBF-MPD compared to the CBF, increased by an average of 2.72 equal. Also, the proper choice for the dimensions of the pipe dampers increased the ductility and energy absorption of the chevron brace frame.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1]     Zhang C, Aoki T, Zhang Q, Wu M. Experimental investigation on the low-yield-strength steel shear panel damper under different loading. J Constr Steel Res 2013;84:105–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCSR.2013.01.014.
[2]     Chen Z, Dai Z, Huang Y, Bian G. Numerical simulation of large deformation in shear panel dampers using smoothed particle hydrodynamics. Eng Struct 2013;48:245–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENGSTRUCT.2012.09.008.
[3]     Kheyroddin A, Gholhaki M, Pachideh G. Seismic evaluation of reinforced concrete moment frames retrofitted with steel braces using IDA and Pushover methods in the near-fault field. J Rehabil Civ Eng 2018;0:1–15. https://doi.org/10.22075/jrce.2018.12347.1211.
[4]     Mohammadi M, Kafi MA, Kheyroddin A, Ronagh HR. Experimental and numerical investigation of an innovative buckling-restrained fuse under cyclic loading. Structures 2019;22:186–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2019.07.014.
[5]     Rai DC, Annam PK, Pradhan T. Seismic testing of steel braced frames with aluminum shear yielding dampers. Eng Struct 2013;46:737–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENGSTRUCT.2012.08.027.
[6]     Zhang C, Zhang Z, Shi J. Development of high deformation capacity low yield strength steel shear panel damper. J Constr Steel Res 2012;75:116–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCSR.2012.03.014.
[7]     Xu L-Y, Nie X, Fan J-S. Cyclic behaviour of low-yield-point steel shear panel dampers. Eng Struct 2016;126:391–404. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENGSTRUCT.2016.08.002.
[8]     Sahoo DR, Singhal T, Taraithia SS, Saini A. Cyclic behavior of shear-and-flexural yielding metallic dampers. J Constr Steel Res 2015;114:247–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCSR.2015.08.006.
[9]     Hsu H-L, Halim H. Brace performance with steel curved dampers and amplified deformation mechanisms. Eng Struct 2018;175:628–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENGSTRUCT.2018.08.052.
[10]    Qu B, Dai C, Qiu J, Hou H, Qiu C. Testing of seismic dampers with replaceable U-shaped steel plates. Eng Struct 2019;179:625–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENGSTRUCT.2018.11.016.
[11]    Kelly JM, Skinner RI, Heine AJ. Mechanisms of energy absorption in special devices for use in earthquake resistant structures. Bull NZ Soc Earthq Eng 1972;5:63–88.
[12]    Skinner RI, Kelly JM, Heine AJ. Hysteretic dampers for earthquake-resistant structures. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 1974;3:287–96. https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.4290030307.
[13]    Bergman D. Evaluation of cyclic testing of steel-plate devices for added damping and stiffness. Ann Arbor Mich.: Dept. of Civil Engineering University of Michigan; 1987.
[14]    Whittaker AS, Bertero V V., Thompson CL, Alonso LJ. Seismic Testing of Steel Plate Energy Dissipation Devices. Earthq Spectra 1991;7:563–604. https://doi.org/10.1193/1.1585644.
[15]    Tsai K, Chen H, Hong C, Su Y. Design of Steel Triangular Plate Energy Absorbers for Seismic‐Resistant Construction. Earthq Spectra 1993;9:505–28. https://doi.org/10.1193/1.1585727.
[16]    Yeh CH, Lu LY, Chung LL, Huang CS. Test of a Full-Scale Steel Frame with TADAS. Earthq Eng Eng Seismol 2001;3.
[17]    Gray MG, Christopoulos C, Packer JA. Cast Steel Yielding Brace System for Concentrically Braced Frames: Concept Development and Experimental Validations. J Struct Eng 2014;140:04013095. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000910.
[18]    Ahmadie Amiri H, Najafabadi EP, Estekanchi HE. Experimental and analytical study of Block Slit Damper. J Constr Steel Res 2018;141:167–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2017.11.006.
[19]    Oh SH, Kim YJ, Ryu HS. Seismic performance of steel structures with slit dampers. Eng Struct 2009;31:1997–2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2009.03.003.
[20]    Chan RWK, Albermani F. Experimental study of steel slit damper for passive energy dissipation. Eng Struct 2008;30:1058–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENGSTRUCT.2007.07.005.
[21]    Hsu HL, Halim H. Improving seismic performance of framed structures with steel curved dampers. Eng Struct 2017;130:99–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2016.09.063.
[22]    Hsu HL, Halim H. Brace performance with steel curved dampers and amplified deformation mechanisms. Eng Struct 2018;175:628–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.08.052.
[23]    Maleki S, Bagheri S. Pipe damper, Part I: Experimental and analytical study. J Constr Steel Res 2010;66:1088–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2010.03.010.
[24]    Maleki S, Bagheri S. Pipe damper, Part II: Application to bridges. J Constr Steel Res 2010;66:1096–106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2010.03.011.
[25]    Maleki S, Mahjoubi S. Dual-pipe damper. J Constr Steel Res 2013;85:81–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2013.03.004.
[26]    Maleki S, Mahjoubi S. Infilled-pipe damper. J Constr Steel Res 2014;98:45–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2014.02.015.
[27]    Mahjoubi S, Maleki S. Seismic performance evaluation and design of steel structures equipped with dual-pipe dampers. J Constr Steel Res 2016;122:25–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCSR.2016.01.023.
[28]    Cheraghi A, Zahrai SM. Innovative multi-level control with concentric pipes along brace to reduce seismic response of steel frames. J Constr Steel Res 2016;127:120–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCSR.2016.07.024.
[29]    Zahrai SM, Hosein Mortezagholi M. Cyclic Performance of an Elliptical-Shaped Damper with Shear Diaphragms in Chevron Braced Steel Frames. J Earthq Eng 2018;22:1209–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632469.2016.1277436.
[30]    Abbasnia R, Vetr MGH, Ahmadi R, Kafi MA. Experimental and analytical investigation on the steel ring ductility. J Sharif Sci Technol 2008;52:41–8.
[31]    Bazzaz M, Andalib Z, Kheyroddin A, Kafi MA. Numerical comparison of the seismic performance of steel rings in off-centre bracing system and diagonal bracing system. Steel Compos Struct 2015;19:917–37. https://doi.org/10.12989/scs.2015.19.4.917.
[32]    Andalib Z, Kafi MA, Kheyroddin A, Bazzaz M. Experimental investigation of the ductility and performance of steel rings constructed from plates. J Constr Steel Res 2014;103:77–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2014.07.016.
[33]    ABAQUS-6.8-1. standard user’s manual. Hibbitt, Karlsson and Sorensen, Inc. vols. 1, and 3. Version 6.8-1. USA: 2008.
[34]    IS2800. Iranian Code of Practice for Seismic Resistant Design of Buildings, Standard No. 2800. Tehran, Iran: 2014.
[35]    AISC 341-16. AISC Committee, Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings. America: 2016.
[36]    ATC-24. Guidelines for cyclic seismic testing of components of steel structures. California: 1992.
[37]    Mohebkhah A, Azandariani MG. Shear resistance of retrofitted castellated link beams: Numerical and limit analysis approaches. Eng Struct 2020;203:109864. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109864.
[38]    Choi I-R, Park H-G. Ductility and Energy Dissipation Capacity of Shear-Dominated Steel Plate Walls. J Struct Eng 2008;134:1495–507. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2008)134:9(1495).
[39]    Gorji Azandariani M, Gholhaki M, Kafi MA. Experimental and numerical investigation of low-yield-strength (LYS) steel plate shear walls under cyclic loading. Eng Struct 2020;203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109866.
[40]    Vision2000 S. Performance-based seismic engineering. Structural Engineers Association of California, Sacramento, CA: 1995.
[41]    ATC-40. Seismic evaluation and retrofit of concrete buildings. 1996.
[42]    FEMA 273-274. Federal Emergency Management Agency, NEHRP Guidelines and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings. Washington, DC.: n.d.
[43]    FEMA 356. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Prestandard and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings. Washington, DC, USA: 2000.