Evaluation of Recycled Materials as Aggregate of End Bearing Stone Columns: a Comparative Study

Document Type : Regular Paper


1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

2 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Semnan University


The object of this research is to compare the behavior of floating and end bearing stone columns made of recycled aggregates of building debris with natural aggregate. To do so, both types of stone columns were constructed by crushed concrete and crushed brick as recycled aggregates and compared with the same models made of gravel as natural aggregates. All the columns were constructed with the same size, density, and grading in a clay bed. To evaluate the initial quality of materials of the stone columns, the index tests were performed. The results of such tests illustrated the less resistance of recycled materials in comparison to the natural materials; On the contrary, according to the results of the index tests, crushed bricks are not recommended to construct stone columns. Despite the index tests, results of loading on a floating column filed with natural and recycled aggregate were approximately the same, but the bearing capacity of the end bearing column made of natural aggregates was higher than the same model made of recycled aggregates.


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