Evaluation of Intermediate Reinforced Concrete Moment Frame Subjected to Truck Collision

Document Type : Regular Paper

Authors

1 M.Sc., School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 Ph.D. Candidate, School of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

In this study, the progressive collapse of reinforced concrete structures due to vehicle collision to the columns of the ground floor was modeled and examined. For this purpose, a four-story reinforced concrete building with the intermediate moment frame system was designed using ETABS software followed by the simulation of impact loading by SAP2000 software. Performing non-linear time history dynamic analysis, the critical forces required to the column failure were determined via trial and error by considering different live load contribution. Then, the corresponding critical velocities for 4, 8, and 12 ton vehicles were determined. Finally, the progressive collapse of the building was examined by the sudden removal of the column. The results showed that by increasing the percentage of live load contribution, the force and critical velocity for the instability and damage of the column will decrease. Furthermore, comparing the perimeter and corner columns showed that the corner columns are the most critical columns for occurrence of the progressive collapse. In addition, during the assessment of the progressive collapse, it was found that the number of damaged springs in the corner column removal scenario is less than that of the perimeter column removal scenario.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1]     ASCE/SE16, “Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures (ASCE/SEI 7-17).,” 2016.
[2]     Y. Parish and E. Moradi, “Investigation of concrete elements under impact loading (in Persian),” 3th Int. Conf. Seism. Retrofit, 2010.
[3]     M. Sasani, M. Bazan, and S. Sagiroglu, “Experimental and analytical progressive collapse evaluation of actual reinforced concrete structure,” ACI Struct. J., vol. 104, no. 6, p. 731, 2007.
[4]     M. Sasani and J. Kropelnicki, “Progressive collapse analysis of an RC structure,” Struct. Des. Tall Spec. Build., vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 757–771, 2008.
[5]     X. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Su, and Y. Feng, “Experimental investigation on the effect of reinforcement ratio to capacity of RC column to resist lateral impact loading,” Syst. Eng. Procedia, vol. 1, pp. 35–41, 2011.
[6]     Ö. Anil, M. C. Yilmaz, and W. Barmaki, “Experimental and numerical study of RC columns under lateral low-velocity impact load,” Proc. Inst. Civ. Eng. Build., pp. 1–19, 2019.
[7]     T. Yilmaz, N. Kiraç, and Ö. Anil, “Experimental investigation of axially loaded reinforced concrete square column subjected to lateral low‚Äźvelocity impact loading,” Struct. Concr., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 1358–1378, 2019.
[8]     T. V Do, T. M. Pham, and H. Hao, “Numerical investigation of the behavior of precast concrete segmental columns subjected to vehicle collision,” Eng. Struct., vol. 156, pp. 375–393, 2018.
[9]     M. Shakeri, A. Darvizeh, and A. Nikouei, “Introduction to Impact Mechanics (in Persian),” Conf. Univ. Guilan, 2000.
[10]   N. Jones and T. Wierzbicki, “Dynamic plastic failure of a free-free beam,” Int. J. Impact Eng., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 225–240, 1987.
[11]   J. L. Yang and F. Xi, “Dynamic response of an elastic-plastic free-free beam subjected to impact at any cross-section along its span,” in Key Engineering Materials, 2000, vol. 177, pp. 273–278.
[12]   M. T. Taromsari, A. Massumi, and H. H. Lavasani, “Progressive Collapse Induced by Column Removal in Reinforced Concrete Frames,” Amirkabir J. Civ. Eng.
[13]   M. TORABI and V. Borujerdian, “NON-LINEAR FEM DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF 3D STEEL FRAME WITH INTERMEDIATE DUCTILITY UNDER CRASH LOADING,” 2019.
[14]   V. Broujerdian and M. Torabi, “A Parametric Study on the Progressive Collapse Potential of Steel Buildings under Truck Collision,” J. Rehabil. Civ. Eng., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 96–106, Feb. 2017, doi: 10.22075/jrce.2017.10710.1173.
[15]   D. Zhou, R. Li, J. Wang, and C. Guo, “Study on impact behavior and impact force of bridge pier subjected to vehicle collision,” Shock Vib., vol. 2017, 2017.
[16]   D. Zhou and R. Li, “Damage assessment of bridge piers subjected to vehicle collision,” Adv. Struct. Eng., vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 2270–2281, 2018.
[17]   T. V Do, T. M. Pham, and H. Hao, “Proposed design procedure for reinforced concrete bridge columns subjected to vehicle collisions,” in Structures, 2019, vol. 22, pp. 213–229.
[18]   H. Hao, T. V Do, and T. M. Pham, “Structural performance evaluation of prefabricated concrete segmental columns and conventional monolithic columns against vehicle impact,” in 7th International Conference on the Protection of Structures against Hazards. Hanoi, Vietnam2018, 2018.
[19]   T. V Do, T. M. Pham, and H. Hao, “Impact response and capacity of precast concrete segmental versus monolithic bridge columns,” J. Bridg. Eng., vol. 24, no. 6, p. 4019050, 2019.
[20]   F. J. Vecchio and M. B. Emara, “Shear deformations in reinforced concrete frames,” ACI Struct. J., vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 46–56, 1992.
[21]   C. ETABS, “Linear and nonlinear static and dynamic analysis and design of three-dimensional structures,” Berkeley (CA, USA) Comput. Struct. Inc, 2016.
[22]   A. C. I. (American C. I. C. 318, “ACI 318-14-Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete,” 2014.
[23]   ASCE/SEI 41-17, Seismic Evaluation of Existing Buildings. 2017.
[24]   I. Standard 2800, “Iranian Building Codes And Standards, Iranian Code Of Practice For Seismic Resistant Design Of Buildings, Standard No.2800, 4th Edition.” 2013.
[25]   C. S. I. SAP2000, “Linear and nonlinear static and dynamic analysis and design of three-dimensional structures,” Comput. Struct. Inc. Berkeley, California, USA, 2011.
[26]   M. S. Varat and S. E. Husher, “Crash pulse modeling for vehicle safety research. 18th ESV,” 2000.
[27]   J. Kim and T. Kim, “Assessment of progressive collapse-resisting capacity of steel moment frames,” J. Constr. Steel Res., vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 169–179, 2009.
[28]   U. Gsa, “Progressive collapse analysis and design guidelines for new federal office buildings and major modernization projects,” Washington, DC, 2016.