An Outcome Overview of Housing Rehabilitation and Reconstruction in Mataram City Post Lombok Earthquake Disaster

Document Type : Regular Paper


1 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, University of Mataram

2 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, University of Mataram, Indonesia

3 Architecture Study Program, Engineering Faculty, University of Mataram, Indonesia


Several strong earthquakes hit Lombok Island in 2018. The earthquake that occurred in sequence caused damage to many buildings and even destroyed housing for residents. This residential sector suffered enormous damage and losses in Mataram City, the province's capital. The reconstruction and rehabilitation process was carried out in 2 phases, and the last Phase was completed in April 2021. A total of 14140 houses received assistance funds for repair and rebuilding in the first Phase, while the number of houses receiving repair funds in the second Phase was 1339. Compared to the initial data in the Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Action Plan, the number of major damaged houses decreased by 43.66% to 1350 houses. However, the number of medium and minor damaged houses increased to 30.75% and 10.83%, respectively, to 3631 and 9159 houses. Through the implementation of the housing reconstruction and rehabilitation in Mataram City, it can be concluded that either the funding or the process was under the central government's guidance. Meanwhile, the local government was an aid to ensure the effective implementation of reconstruction. The relationship between the central and local governments was conducive to running the process effectively and according to the timeline. The local government allows the community to choose the type of earthquake-resistance house for rebuilding. Of the various types of more earthquake-resistant houses, the people preferred the reinforced concrete panel type housing because the construction is faster, so they can live in it immediately.


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