Seismic Behavior Assessment of Concrete Elevated Water Tanks


1 M.Sc., Civil Engineering Department, Guilan University, Rasht, Iran

2 Ph.D., Civil Engineering Department, Guilan University, Rasht, Iran


Elevated tanks are very important structures and consist of various types. Water supply is vital to control fires during earthquakes. Also they are utilized to store different products, like petroleum supplies in cities and industrial zones. Damage to these structures during strong ground motions may lead to fire or other hazardous events. Elevated tanks should stay functional after and before earthquakes. However their dynamic behavior differs greatly in comparison with other structures. In this research, a sample of reinforced concrete elevated water tank, with 900 cubic meters capacity, exposed to three pair of earthquake records have been studied and analyzed in time history using mechanical and finite-element modeling technique. The liquid mass of tank is modeled as lumped masses known as sloshing mass, or impulsive mass. The corresponding stiffness constants associated with these lumped masses have been worked out depending upon the properties of the tank wall and liquid mass. Tank responses including base shear, overturning moment, tank displacement, and sloshing displacement have been calculated. Results reveal that the system responses are highly influenced by the structural parameters and the earthquake characteristics such as frequency content.


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