Effects of the Opening on the Behavior of Composite Steel Plate Shear Wall (CSPSW)

Document Type : Regular Paper


1 ferdowsi university of mashad

2 Ferdowsi University of Mashad


Due to architectural, mechanical and even structural considerations, in some cases there is need to create some openings in the composite steel shear walls. Presence of the openings can considerably affect the wall behavior. Therefore, in this study, the effects of the opening on the behavior of composite steel shear walls are investigated. For this purpose, first an experimental specimen without opening is developed and tested. The outcomes of the experimental study are verified by existing data Then three series of the CSPSW specimens (four specimens in each series) with opening are built and tested. Accuracy and precision of these experimental outcomes is verified by twelve numerical models which are developed using ABAQUS software. Therefore, general behavior of the CSPSWs with opening are investigated according to the attained outcomes from numerical and experimental tests. In addition, some methods are proposed to reduce the negative effects of the opening on the behavior of CSPSW. Then a parametric study is performed to evaluate effects of different parameters namely concrete cover thickness, steel plate thickness, thickness of the strengthening plate installed around the opening and bolt spacing on general behavior of the CSPSW. In addition to study the effects of opening in behavior of CSPSW, in this paper a thorough investigation about the influence of different parameters on drift of the system is performed .Finally, a formula is proposed based on the developed numerical models to compute lateral displacements of the composite shear walls with openings. This formula can be utilized for deriving an intensification factor which can be applied to calculate displacement of the composite shear wall with openings from the responses of a wall without openings.


Main Subjects

[1] Vian, D., 2005. Steel plate shear walls for seismic design and retrofit of building structures.
[2] Ghosh, S. and Kharmale, S.B., 2010. Research on steel plate shear wall: past, present and future. In Structural steel and castings: shapes and standards, properties and applications. Nova Science Publishers Inc., Hauppauge, USA.
[3] Zhao, Q. and Astaneh-Asl, A., 2004. Cyclic behavior of traditional and innovative composite shear walls. Journal of Structural Engineering, 130(2), pp.271-284.
[4] Astaneh-Asl, A., 2002. Seismic behavior and design of composite steel plate shear walls. USA: Structural Steel Educational Council.
[5] ANSI, A., AISC 341-05 (2005).‘‘Seismic provisions for structural steel buildings. ’American Institute of Steel Construction. Inc.: Chicago, IL.
[6] Rahai, A. and Hatami, F., 2009. Evaluation of composite shear wall behavior under cyclic loadings. Journal of constructional steel research, 65(7), pp.1528-1537.
[7] Guo, L., Rong, Q., Ma, X. and Zhang, S., 2011. Behavior of steel plate shear wall connected to frame beams only. International Journal of Steel Structures, 11(4), pp.467-479.
[8] Shafaei, S., Ayazi, A. and Farahbod, F., 2016. The effect of concrete panel thickness upon composite steel plate shear walls.
[9] Dey, S. and Bhowmick, A.K., 2016, May. Seismic performance of composite plate shear walls. In Structures (Vol. 6, pp. 59-72). Elsevier.
[10] Arabzadeh, A., Soltani, M. and Ayazi, A., 2011. Experimental investigation of composite shear walls under shear loadings. Thin-Walled Structures, 49(7), pp.842-854.
[11] Driver, R.G., Kulak, G.L., Kennedy, D.J.L., and Elwi, A.E. Seismic behavior of steel plate shear walls.” Structural Engineering Report No. 215, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada; 1997.
[12] Meghdadaian, M., & Ghalehnovi, M. (2019). Improving seismic performance of composite steel plate shear walls containing openings. Journal of Building Engineering, 21, 336-342.
[13] ABAQUS theory manual, Version 6.7 ,Habbit Karlsson & Sorensen Inc.