Experimental and FDM Study on Geogrid-Soil Interaction by Reformed Direct Shear Test Apparatus

Document Type : Regular Paper


Faculty of Civil Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran


This paper presents the effect of geogrid tensile strength by computing the pullout resistance and the geogrid-soil interaction mechanism. In order to inquire this interface, a series of pullout tests have been conducted by a large scale reformed direct shear test apparatus in the both cohesive and granular soils. In numerical, the finite difference software FLAC3D has been carried out on experimental tests and the results are compared with findings from laboratory tests and to complete investigation results. The results reveal that the tensile strength of geogrids has a major role in the interface behavior. The effect of the soil type also is discussed. The acquired results indicate that the geogrids with low tensile strength have higher pullout resistance in the low normal stress on the surface, this effect reversed as the normal applied stress is increased. Numerical analysis only estimates the pullout strength with good agreement in the high normal stresses. Furthermore, it is found that the effective particle size of soil is close to the geogrid thickness by comparing two sands with different grain size.


Main Subjects

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