Developing a Feature Extraction of Existing Structures Using an Ambient Vibration Test

Document Type: Regular Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

2 Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

10.22075/jrce.2020.18982.1356

Abstract

The paper aims to extract the dynamic properties of existing structures without utilizing the analytical models. The ambient vibration testing could be used on any type of frame such as concrete, steel and masonry to investigate the structural vulnerability. The method could be the first stage and necessarily for the retrofit process. To achieve this aim, the ambient vibration testing can also be employed. The experimental data obtained from the method can be used to monitor the health, evaluating, and damage detection structures at present. The achieved data can be compared in future with the recorded signals at different times. So, the ambient vibration test was carried out on the building of Imam Hossein Hospital at Mashhad. Then, its dynamic characteristics of the acceleration records are obtained by using Data Acquisition System with three accelerometers in two perpendicular coordinates. The method is more accurate and practical compare with analytical models of the existing buildings. The ambient vibration test prevents of several points such as destructive testing or may irreparable damage to the building as well as high cost. Even, the ambient vibration test maybe required for every couple of decayed, when noticed of any changes in the condition of buildings after construction. These type of changes could be quality of concrete or welding or some changes in the location of walls that can be affected the dynamic specifications of the building. The method provides real lateral load pattern and actual modes that can evaluate existing condition of the building compare with the time of construction.

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