Experimentally Investigation of Nano Clay Effects on Leaching and Self-healing Process of Cracked Clayey Soils

Document Type : Research Note


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Ayatollah Borujerdi University

2 Master of science Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Ayatollah Borujerdi University, Borujerd, Iran

3 Department of Engineering Faculty, Ayatollah Borujerdi University

4 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.


Compacted clay layers are known as one of the common low impermeable layers used in geotechnical structures. Due to geotechnical properties, these layers damaged through cracks in their lifespan. This research has attempted to improve the workability by using self-healing features of clays. By conducting numerous experimental tests, it has been shown that, by increasing the plasticity index of clays, the pace of crack healing process will be enhanced. Experiments have shown that percentages of Montmorillonite Nano Clay (MNC) are quite effective and reduce the flow rate in the samples, which is a sign of self-healing of the cracks by an NC additive. On this basis, NC can be perfectly used to repairing cracks in clayey soils. The results of this study show that in the sample with 1 mm crack, about 500 milliliters of water pass through the crack in 60 minutes under no pressuring conditions. While, if the sample contains 2 and 5 percent NC, the amount of water passing through the cracks within 60 minutes, will be 40 and 5 ml, respectively. This dramatic reduction for passing water reflects the positive effect of Nano sized grains on the closure of the created cracks. Therefore, it can be concluded that the self-healing process occurs earlier in smaller cracks, because the NC and soil particles can easily touch each other after swelling. Five percent of MNC can insure the cracks closure at 100% density. I


Main Subjects

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Volume 9, Issue 1 - Serial Number 21
February 2021
Pages 71-83
  • Receive Date: 28 January 2020
  • Revise Date: 05 August 2020
  • Accept Date: 20 August 2020
  • First Publish Date: 01 February 2021